How to Keep Your Teeth

How to Identify Gum Disease

The development of gum disease is a slow process, often unnoticed and without pain. To arrest the loss of the gums, professional treatment is mandatory. Untreated, the bone loss will continue to progress. In time the tooth will become loose and in the worst case may be lost. In addition to poor oral hygiene, smoking , heredity and some systemic diseases are factors that may enhance the risk of developing periodontitis.

A sticky film, bacterial plaque, constantly forms on your teeth. If you don't clean properly, plaque will be left behind, especially between the teeth and along the gum line. When plaque accumulates in these areas it causes gum inflammation (gingivitis). Inflamed gum tissue is characterized by redness and swelling. The gums may bleed when you clean your teeth.

Gum Inflamation
An inflamed gum tissue is charactersized by redness and swelling. The gums may bleed when you brush or clean between the teeth.

If the plaque is not removed, it grows in the crevice between tooth and gums (the gingival sulcus). On the root surface of the tooth, the plaque hardens into tartar, which has a rough surface where bacteria attach even easier.

Advanced Periodontitis
As the supporting bone gradually breaks down, the tooth loses more and more of its attachment. The gum inflammation has developed into advanced periodontitis.

Gum Disease
Around 40% of all adults suffer from periodontitis – often without knowing it. The disease develops slowly and often without pain or visible signs. The sooner it is diagnosed and treated, the better.

Healthy Gums
Healthy gums are pale, pink and firm. The gum tissue covers the bone and fits firmly around the tooth like a collar. There is no bleeding when you brush or clean between your teeth.

The gum consists of small fibers that hold the tooth in its socket.  In healthy gums, this tissue covers the bone and fits firmly around the tooth like a collar. There small crevice between the tooth and the gum tissue is called the gingival sulcus.